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1. Robert Techo. Data Communications: An Introduction to Concepts and Design. Plenum Press, New York and London, 1980. 304 pp.

2. John Ronayne. Introduction to Digital Communications Switching. Pitman, London, 1986. 212 pp.

3. Synchronous Transmission Systems. Editor Christopher Newall. Northern Telecom Europe Ltd., Doc-GH9, Issue 3.1, 1992. 112pp.

4. .. . . .: , 1951. 512 .

5. .. . "", 1991, 3. . 2-5.

6. .. . "", 1991, 6. . 5-8.

7. .. . "", 1993, 11. . 20-23.

8. .. . "", 1993, 12. . 43-46.

9. .. , . "", 1994, 12. .32-37.

10. .., .., .. -. "", 1995, 5.

11. .. . 1995, 12. . 9-11.

12. . .: , , 1994. - 50 .

13. ITU-T Recommendation G.702. Digital Hierarhy Bit Rates (1984, 88).

14. ITU-T Recommendation G.703. Physical/Electrical Characteristics of Hierarchical Digital Interfaces. (1972 last amended in 1991).

15. ITU-T Recommendation G.704. Synchronous Frame Structures Used at Primary and Secondary Hierarhical Levels (1984, 88, 90).

16. ITU-T Recommendation G.707. Synchronous Digital Hierarhy Bit Rates (1988, 91, 93).

17. ITU-T Recommendation G.708. Network Node Interface for the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (1988, 91, 93).

18. ITU-T Recommendation G.709. Synchronous Multiplexing Structure (1988, 91, 93).

19. ITU-T Recommendation G.774. Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Management Information Model for the Network Element View (1992, 11.96).

20. ITU-T Recommendation G.781. Structure of Recommendations on Equipment for the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) (1990, Revised 1.94).

21. ITU-T Recommendation G.782. Types and General Characteristics of Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Equipment (1990, Revised 1.94).

22. ITU-T Recommendation G.783. Characteristics of Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Multiplexing Equipment. Functional Blocks (1990, Revised 1.94).

23. ITU-T Recommendation G.784. Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Management (Requirements of Multiplexer Equipment) (1990, Revised 1.94).

24. ITU-T Recommendation G.957. Optical Interfaces for Equipments and Systems Relating to the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) (Revised 7.95).

25. ITU-T Recommendation G.958. Digital Line Systems based on the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) for Use on Optical Fibre Cables (Revised 11.94).

26. H.H. G.703. "", 1995, 8, c.74-78.

27. H.H. (PDH SDH). "", 1995, 9, .90-101.

28. .. SDH. " ", 1996, 1, . 88-96.

29. .. SDH. " ", 1996, 5, .58-63, http://www.ritmpress.ru (ComputerWeek-OnLine).

30. ITU-T Recommendation G.711. Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) of Voice Frequencies (1972, last amended in 1993).

31. ITU-T Recommendation G.733. Characteristics of Primary PCM Multiplex Equipment Operating at 1544 kbps (1972, last amended in 1993).

32. ITU-T Recommendation G.732. Characteristics of Primary PCM Multiplex Equipment Operating at 2048 kbps (1972, last amended in 1993).

33. - . . ... .: " ", 1993. 265 .

34. ANSI T1.101 - Synchronisation Interface Standards for Digital Networks.

35. ANSI T1.102 - Digital Hierarchy - Electrical Interfaces.

36. ANSI T1.105 - Digital Hierarchy - Optical Interface Rates and Formats Specification (1988).

37. ANSI T1.106 - Digital Hierarchy - Optical Interface Specifications (Single Mode) (1988).

38. ANSI T1X9.4 - (SONET Standard).

39. TA-NWT-000253 - Synchronous Optical Network (SONET) Transport Systems: Common Generic Criteria, Issue 6 (1990, 91).

40. TR-TSY-000253 - Synchronous Optical Network (SONET) Transport Systems: Common Generic Criteria, Issue 1 (9.89. A module of TSGR, FR-NWT-000440), Issue 6 (9.90, plus Bulletin No.1, 8.91).

41. TR-TSY-000496 - SONET Add-Drop Multiplex Equipment (SONET/ADM) Generic Criteria, Issue 2 (9.89).

42. TR-TSY-000499 - Transport Systems Generic Requirements (TSGR): Common Requirements, Issue 3 (12.89. A module of TSGR, FR-NWT-000440).43. Uyless Black. ATM: Foundation for Broadband Networks. Prentice Hall PTR, Englewood Cliff, N.J., 1995.

44. Nikolai N. Slepov. Acronyms & Abbreviations. A Dictionary for Communications, Computers and Information Sciences. M.: "Radio I Svyaz", 1996. 496 pp.

45. ETS 300 147 - ETSI TC-TM, 1992 (SDH, European Version of the ITU-T Rec. G.708-709).

46. 堠 . - . "", 10, 1994, .38-40.

47. Gordon Rhind. The Test Challenge of Synchronous Digital Hierarchy. H.-P. Telecommunications Supplement, pp.53-60.

48. TN-1X, Technical Handbook, Issue 2, Northern Telecom, 1993.

49. SMA-4. 2-622 Mbit/s Synchronous Multiplexer. GPT Data Sheet, 1994.

50. AT&T Network Systems International. . 1995-1996.

51. Syncom. SDM-4 General Description. ECI Telecom, 1996.

52. Hague I., Kremer W., Raychaudhuri K., "Self-healing Rings in a Synchronous Environment." IEEE ITS: The Magazine of Lightwave Telecommunication Systems, vol.3, no.4, pp.30-37, 1991.

53. SM-1/4. , Siemens, 1995.

54. SDH SMS-600 - Transmission System of STM-4 Level. Booklet, Cat. No. E34348-1, NEC, 1995.

55. Syncom. General Catalog. ECI Telecom, 1995.

56. Alcatel 1641 SX. Synchronous 4-3-1 Cross-Connect-System. 1995.

57. Alcatel 1651 SM. 622 Mbit/s (STM-4), Synchronous Add Drop Multiplexer. 1995.

58. Synfonet STM-1/4, Release C2.1/3.0. Network Configuration. Nokia. 1995.

59. Data Communications Products. Catalog. RAD Data Communications. 1996.

60. ITU-T Recommendation M.3010. Principles for a Telecommunications Management Network (1992, .).

61. ITU-T Recommendation M.3020. TMN Interface Specification Methodology (1995).

62. ITU-T Recommendation M.3100. Generic Network Information Model (1995).

63. ITU-T Recommendation M.3101. Managed Object Conformance Statements for the Generic Network Information Model (1995).

64. ITU-T Recommendation M.3180. Catalogue of TMN Management Information (1992).

65. ITU-T Recommendation M.3200. TMN Management Services: Overview (1992).

66. ITU-T Recommendation M.3300. TMN Management Facilities Presented at the F Interface (1992, M.250 .251).

67. ITU-T Recommendation M.3400. TMN Management Functions (1992).

68. Keith Miller. British Telecom's Direction in Communications Management. Proceedings of the First Frost & Sullivan European Conference on Network Management, May 1989.

69. Klaus Jager. Management of Public Transmission Networks in the Integrated TMN. Philips, "Innovation", 1991, n.2, p.33-40.

70. ITU-T Recommendation X.701. System Management Overview (1992, 95).

71. ITU-T Recommendation X.711. Common Management Information Protocol Specification (1991).

72. ITU-T Recommendation X.710. Common Management Information Service Definitions (1991).

73. ITU-T Recommendation Q.811. Low Layer Protocol Profiles for the Q3 Interface (1993).

74. ITU-T Recommendation Q.812. Upper Layer Protocol Profiles for the Q3 Interface (1993).

75. ITU-T Recommendation G.826. Errors Performance Parameters and Objectives for International, Constant Bit Rate Digital Paths at or Above the Primary Rate (1993).

76. ITU-T Recommendation M.20. Maintenance Philosophy for Telecommunications Networks (1992).

77. ITU-T Recommendation M.2100. Performance Limits for Bringing-into-Service and Maintenance of International PDH Paths, Sections and Transmission Systems (1995).

78. ITU-T Recommendation M.2120. Digtal Path, Section and Transmission System Fault Detection and Localization Procedures (1992).

79. ITU-T Recommendation Q.921. ISDN User-Network Interface - Data Link Layer Specification (1993).

80. ITU-T Recommendation Q.922. ISDN Data Link Layer Specification for Frame Mode Bearer Services (1992).

81. ISO 8473. Information Processing Systems - Data Communications - Protocol for Providing the Connectionless-mode Network Service (1988).

82. ISO 8073/AD2. Information Processing Systems - Open Systems Interconection - Connection Oriented Transport Protocol Specification - Addendum 2: Class 4 Operation over Connectionless Network Service (1989).

83. ISO 9596. Information Processing Systems - Open Systems Interconnection - Common Management Information Protocol Specification (CMIP) (1992).

84. ISO 8208. Data Communications - X.25 Packet Level Protocol for Data Terminal Equipment (1987).

85. ISO 7498.

86. ISO 8648. Data Communications - Internal Organization of the Network Layer (1988).

87. ISO DTR 10172.

88. CCITT Recommendation G.771. Q-lnterfaces and Associated Protocols for Transmission Equipment in the Telecommunications Management Network (TMN) (1988).

89. ITU-T Recommendation G.773. Protocol Suites for Q-lnterfaces for Management of Transmission Systems (1990, 93).

90. ISO 8482. Data Communications - Twisted Pair Multipoint Interconnection (1988).

91. EIA-485. Electrical Characteristics of Generators and Receivers for Use in Balanced Digital Multipoint Systems (1983).92. ISO 3309. Information Processing Systems - Data Communication - High-level Data Link Control Procedures -Frame Structure (1988).

93. ISO 4335. Information Processing Systems - Data Communication - High-Level Data Link Control Procedures -Consolidation of Elements of Procedures (1987).

94. ISO 7809. Data Communications - High-Level Data Link Control Procedures - Consolidation of Classes of Procedures (1984).

95. ISO 8802-2. Information Processing Systems - Local Area Network - Part 2: Logical Link Control (1988) ( , ANSI/IEEE STD.802.2 - 1989).

96. ISO 8802-2/DAD2. Logical Link Control; Addendum 2: Acknowledged Connectionless-mode Service and Protocol, Type 3 Operation (1988).

97. ISO 8802-3. Information Processing Systems - Local Area Network - Part 3: Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD). Access Method and Physical Layer Specifications (1990) ( , ANSI/IEEE 802.3-1990).

98. ISO 8473/AD3. Information Processing Systems - Data Communication - Protocol for Providing the Connectionless-mode Network Service Addendum 3: Provision of the Underlying Service Assumed by ISO 8473 over Point-to-Point Subnetworks which Provide the OSI Data Link Service (1989).

99. CCITT Recommendation X.217. Association Control Service Definition for Open System Interconnection for CCITT Applications ( , ISO 8649) (1988).

100. CCITT Recommendation X.227. Association Control Protocol Specification for Open System Interconnection for CCITT Applications ( , ISO 8650) (1988).

101. CCITT Recommendation X.219. Remote Operations: Model, Notation and Service Definition ( , ISO 9072-1) (1988).

102. CCITT Recommendation X.229. Remote Operations: Protocol Specification ( , ISO 9072-2) (1988).

103. ISO 9595 - Information Processing Systems - Open Systems Interconnection - Common Management Information Service Definition (CMIS) (1992).

104. ISO 2110. Data Communications - 25-pin DTE/DCE Interface Connector and Pin Assignments (1989).

105. ISO 2593. Data Communications - 34-pin DTE/DCE Interface Connector and Pin Assignments (1984).

106. ISO 9542. Telecommunications and Information Exchange between Systems - End System to Intermediate System Routing Exchange Protocol for Use in Conjunction with the Protocol for Providing the Connectionless-Mode Network Service (1988).

107. ISO 10589. Telecommunications and Information Exchange between Systems - Intermediate System to Intermediate System Intra-Domain Routing Information Exchange Protocol (1991).

108. ISO 8348/AD2.

109. ITU-T Recommendation X.214. Information technology - Open Systems Interconnection -Transport Service Definition (1993).

110. ITU-T Recommendation X.224. Protocol for Providing the OSI Connection-mode Transport Service (1993).

111. ITU-T Recommendation X.215. Information technology - Open Systems Interconnection - Session Service Definition (1994).

112. ITU-T Recommendation X.225. Information technology - Open Systems Interconnection - Connection-oriented Session Protocol: Protocol Specification (1994).

113. ITU-T Recommendation X.216. Information technology - Open Systems Interconnection - Presentation Service Definition (1994).

114. ITU-T Recommendation X.226. Information technology - Open Systems Interconnection - Connection-oriented Presentation Protocol: Protocol Specification (1994).

115. Synfonet STM-1/4, Release C2.1/3.0. Application Planning. Nokia. 1995.

116. CCITT Recommendation G.810. Considerations on Timing and Synchronization Issues (1988).

117. Greg A Wolff. Network Synchronization: Getting the Best out of SDH. Telecommunications, Jan. 1995, pp.43-48.

118. CCITT Recommendation G.811. Timing Requirements at the Outputs of Primary Reference Clocks Suitable for Plesichronous Operation of International Digital Links (1988).

119. CCITT Recommendation G.812. Timing Requirements at the Outputs of Slave Clocks Suitable for Plesiochronous Operation of International Digital Links (1988).

120. Bellcore GR-2830-CORE (Generic Requirements document for Primary Reference Sources relevant to SONET).

121. Synfonet STM-1/4, Release 3.0. Product Description. Nokia. 1995.

122. Syncom. eNM. General Description. ECI Telecom, 1996.

123. ITU-T Recommendation G.831. Management Capabilities of Transport Networks Based on the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) (1993, 8.96).

124. ITU-T Recommendation G.832. Transport of SDH Elements on PDH Networks: Frame and Multiplexing Structures (1993, 11.95).

125. ITU-T Recommendation G.841. Types and Characteristics of SDH Network Protection Architectures (7.95).

126. ITU-T Recommendation G.861. Principles and Guidelines for the Integration of Satellite and Radio Systems in SDH Transport Networks (8.96).

127. .., .. . - 2- . - .: , 1995.-544.

128. . - . . . . .: 1992. - 132 .

129. -. I.432. (). "-" . "-" - - ( 3/93).130. Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged. Merriam-Webster Inc. Publishers, Springfield, 1981. 2663 pp.

131. MKKTT - , I - 1.3 " . ". , 1993.

132. - . . "", 1996. - 588.

133. ITU-T Recommendation . 13. Terms and Definitions. Appendix 11 (1988, 93).

134. ITU-T Recommendation G.100. Definitions Used in Recommendations on General Characteristics of International Telephone Connections and Circuits (1993).

135. ITU-T Recommendation G.701. Vocabulary of Digital Transmission and Multiplexing, and Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) Terms (1988, 93).

136. CCITT Recommendation E.163. Numbering Plan for the International Telephone Service (1988).

137. . . .. ... .: , 1995. - 224.

138. . . 4-. .: ". ", 1989. - 1632 .

139. ITU-T Recommendation .164. Numbering Plan for the ISDN Era ( CCITT E.163, cm. [136]) (1991).

140. . : , , . ., "", 1990, .144.

141. ITU-T Recommendation G.650. Definition and Test Methods for the Relevant Parameters of Single-Mode Fibres (3.93).

142. ITU-T Recommendation G.652. Characteristics of a Single-Mode Optical Fibre Cable (3.93).

143. ITU-T Recommendation G.653. Characteristics of a Dispersion-shifted Single-Mode Optical Fibre Cable (3.93).

144. ITU-T Recommendation G.654. Characteristics of a 1550 nm Wavelength Loss-minimized Single-Mode Optical Fibre Cable (3.93).

145. ITU-T Recommendation G.655. Characteristics of a Non-Zero Dispersion Single-Mode Optical Fibre Cable (10.96).

146. ITU-T Recommendation G.661. Definition and Test Methods for the Relevant Generic Parameters of Optical Fibre Amplifiers (11.96).

147. ITU-T Recommendation G.662. Generic Characteristics of Optical Fibre Amplifier Devices and Sub-systems (7.95).

148. ITU-T Recommendation G.663. Application Related Aspects of Optical Fibre Amplifier Devices and Sub-systems (10.96).

149. ITU-T Recommendation G.681. Functional Characteristics of Interoffice and Long-haul Line Systems Using Optical Amplifiers, Including Optical Multiplexers (10.96).

150. ITU-T Recommendation G.707. Network Node Interface for the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) (3.96). Replaces G.707, G.708, G.709.

151. ITU-T Recommendation G.774.1. Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Performance Monitoring for the Network Element View (11.96).

152. ITU-T Recommendation G.774.2 Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Configuration of the Payload Structure for the Network Element View (11.96).

153. ITU-T Recommendation G.774.3. Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Management of Multiplex-section Protection for the Network Element View (11.96).

154. ITU-T Recommendation G.774.4. Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Management of the Subnetwork Connection Protection for the Network Element View (11.96).

155. ITU-T Recommendation G.774.5. Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Management of Connection Supervision Functionality (HCS/LCS) for the Network Element View (11.96).

156. ITU-T Recommendation G.774.7. Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) - G.774 Implementor's Guide (11.96).

157. ITU-T Recommendation G.780. Vocabulary of Terms for Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Networks and Equipment (11.94).

158. ITU-T Recommendation G.785. Characteristics of a Flexible Multiplexer in a Synchronous Digital Environment (11.96).

159. ITU-T Recommendation G.803. Architectures of the Transport Networks Based on the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) (3.93)

160. PTM () . .: , 1995.

161. ITU-T Recommendation G.804. ATM Cell Mapping into Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy (PDH) (11.93).

162. .. ATM. " ", 1997, 2 ( ).

163. ITU-T Recommendation G.813. Timing Characteristics of SDH Equipment Slave Clocks (SEC) (8.96).

164. ITU-T Recommendation G.825. The Control of Jitter and Wander within Digital Networks which are Based on the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) (3.93).

165. .., ... . " ", 1996, 8, .58-63.

166. 22348-86. . .


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